The prince2 project management method mandates the use of product based planning, part of which is developing a product breakdown structure. A wbs is not a todo list consisting of everything that needs to be done on the project. Pdf project management system based on workbreakdown. Creating the work breakdown structure the wbs can be structured in either of two ways. It is the connecting point for work and cost estimates, schedule information, actual work effortcost expenditures, and accountability. Applying work breakdown structure to project lifecycle. Practice standard for work breakdown structures 2006. As a hierarchical decomposition of the project work.
A work breakdown structure wbs is a visual tool for defining and tracking a project deliverable and all the small components needed to create it. Oct 27, 2016 a work breakdown structure wbs proposes a graphical nature that helps project managers predict results based on various scenarios. Thinking in detail is critical when planning your project, but you also need to consider the big picture. T he work breakdown structure wbs is a hierarchical breakdown of the complete project scope. The work breakdown structure in project management visually defines manageable chunks of a project that a team can understand, as each part of the work breakdown structure gives further detail. Editable work breakdown structure template to plan your work. It is useful to create a work breakdown structure to identify and break down the deliverables in the project. The project management body of knowledge defines the work breakdown structure as a deliverable oriented hierarchical decomposition of the work to be executed by the project team. Project professionals use a wbs to define project deliverables and establish the structure. Work breakdown structure wbs template free visio excel.
A work breakdown structure in every project management and system engineering is an effective tool that is used for defining and group the discrete elements of work in any project so that it can help the organization, build it in some way and boost the work scope of the whole project. Breaking up a project into smaller components facilitates project management. What is wbs work breakdown structure in project management. In practice there is very little difference between a pbs and a wbs, both systems define the full extent of the work required to complete the project. It is simply a chart or outline of your projects deliverables. Pdf the work breakdown structure in software project management. Write them down on sticky notes and put them on a whiteboard. Download limit exceeded you have exceeded your daily download allowance. The work breakdown structure in software project management.
Aug 01, 20 the practice standard for work breakdown structuressecond edition supplies project managers and team members with direction for the preliminary development and the implementation of the wbs. Get the team together and brainstorm all the deliverables in the project, in no particular order. Work breakdown structures wbs is a term that is used in project management. Adaptablesufficiently flexible so the additionelimination of work scope can be readily accommodated in the wbs framework. Consistent with a guide to the project management body of knowledge pmbok guidethird edition, the wbs practice standard presents a standard. You wont find the problem if you cant isolate the defective part, and you cant fix the problem if the defective part is not separated from the main engine a work breakdown structure wbs represents this division of a project. At present, it is often referred to as a project management flowchart. Apr 09, 2018 learn about using a work breakdown structure to better plan your projects. The work breakdown structure is the tool used to divide the project work content among individ uals and organizations so that ef ciency and effectiveness will be achieved while ensuring the inte gration of work efforts to produce the project required deliverables.
Collaboration features to do the breakdown as a team. This article also contains a downloadable and editable work breakdown structure template. It sets the foundation for the rest of the project planning. Even though the term work breakdown structure has been used as a label for all project scope hierarchical diagrams, there are, in practice, many types other than deliverable oriented structures. In your project you will want to develop them down to a much more detailed level using the 8 to 80 rule where the wbs is broken down to where a work package contains between 8 and 80 hours of work to complete. According to the project management body of knowledge pmbok 5, a work breakdown structure template is a hierarchical decomposition of the total scope of work to be carried out by the project team to accomplish the project. We have lots of project management templates to give you a foothold on every aspect of your project. Schedule a project with a work breakdown structure. The work breakdown structure wbs is the foundation for project planning and control. A work breakdown structure is an extremely valuable and important project management tool. It is the cornerstone of effective project planning, execution, controlling, statusing, and reporting.
Work breakdown structure is a tool project managers use to break projects down into manageable pieces. Applying the work breakdown structure to the project management lifecycle shelly a. The lowest level components for each deliverable are known as work packages. One project may include several phases, or also smaller subprojects. It may be used in the project management and systems engineering to organize works in deliverable.
Work breakdown structure or wbs is a hierarchical tree structure that outlines your project and breaks it down into smaller, more manageable portions. The work breakdown structure in software project management article pdf available in journal of systems and software. The next tool that i think is cantlivewithout is the work breakdown structure or wbs, for short. Impact of various workbreakdown structures on project. Take into consideration other responsibilities outside of the project.
Work breakdown structure or wbs is a hierarchical tree structure that outlines your project. A work breakdown structure is a key project deliverable that organizes the teams work into manageable sections. Work breakdown structure examples and overview brighthub. Even subprojects can be broken down into smaller bits. Work breakdown structure an overview sciencedirect topics. In wrike, you can build a wbs by creating folders and subfolders, and can even go further to divide individual tasks into subtasks.
Constructing the work breakdown structure project management. What is work breakdown structure in project management. The wbs is a method for getting a complex, multistep project done. It organizes the work of the project into logical groupings similar to a milestone chart but displays the information in a tree form or an outline form. The project management body of knowledge pmbok 5 defines the work breakdown structure a hierarchical decomposition of the total scope of work to be carried out by the project team to accomplish the project objectives and create. It presents all of the work that will be carried out by the project team during the life of the project, including the project management work. Types of work breakdown structures even though the term work breakdown structure has been used as a label for all project scope hierarchical diagrams, there are, in practice, many types other than deliverable oriented structures.
A work breakdown structure wbs is a chart in which the critical work elements, called tasks, of a project are illustrated to portray their relationships to each other and to the project as a whole. The work breakdown structure presented here represents all the work required to complete this project. It is an enabler that ensures clear definition and communication of project scope while performing a critical role as a monitoring and controlling tool. Pdf the work breakdown structure in software project. The items at the lowest level of a branch are known as work. After reading it, you will understand the basics of this powerful project management tool. The work breakdown structure wbs is a foundation tool for effective project management and yet its creation is often undertaken without appropriate team involvement or buyin.
If a narrative definition is not as helpful as having a wbs to play with, dont worry. As modern management techniques, specifically the wbs application may determine the success of a project, regardless of its objectt, as such achieving predetermined performance. Work breakdown structure project management institute. The first approach structures the wbs primarily from a deliverables perspective, in that the highest level level 1 entries represent the major deliverables that the project is committed to create. In those circumstances, wbs enable the performance a summary of the estimated costs for all subsequent project tasks, regardless of whether these relate to salaries, materials, services etc. The wbs method aims to break down work into several hierarchical levels, structures a project. Large or complex deliverables are broken down into smaller components. Tausworthe jet propllsiotl lrrhoultop the work breakdown structure wbs is a vehicle for breaking an engineering project down into subproject, tasks, subtasks, work. The rule that states that no single element of a work breakdown structure should be less than 8 hours, or greater than 80 hours. These components are further decomposed until a required person from the team can be assigned. Work breakdown structure project management knowledge.
Preparation of a wbs is one of the key steps in project planning. Creating a work breakdown structure wbs helps you be both comprehensive and specific when managing a project. Sep 23, 2010 understand and apply new concepts regarding work breakdown structures. Each component by itself has a well defined deliverable and. This zip file contains the white paper the work breakdown structure. The work breakdown structure wbs is one of the most important tools you can use when managing a project. Adaptablesufficiently flexible so the additionelimination of work. Norman, pmp, pgmp introduction today, project managers are more frequently finding high value in the creation of work breakdown structures wbs as they begin the process of project management. The scope of a project and the totality of the work are defined in the wbs, and failing to do so early can result in rework, schedule impacts, resource misallocations. Project management work breakdown structure youtube. Work breakdown structure wbs refers to a portion of a total project management plan that is used by the project management team to organize a project into manageable objectives and create a blueprint by which the steps leading to the completion of a project are obtained. Work breakdown structures wbs are a guide for defining work as it relates to a specific project s objectives. A guide for work breakdown structure in project management.
Work breakdown structure wbs is a method of breaking down a project into a hierarchy with the tasks broken down into several levels. Project management practices 2 work breakdown structure rev e, june 2003 measurablecan be used to measure progress. The work breakdown structure in software project management robert c. Planning a project using a work breakdown structure and logic. In so doing, you gain clarity into the details needed to accomplish every aspect of your project. Project work breakdown structure wbs is a hierarchical listing of the individual work elements of a project. Project management is like fixing a car you must break it down into parts.
A work breakdown structure, commonly abbreviated wbs, is a key project deliverable that is utilized to organize a project teams work. The work breakdown structure visually defines the scope into manageable chunks that a project. A guide to the project management body of knowledge, 2008. Tausworthe jet propllsiotl lrrhoultop the work breakdown structure wbs is a vehicle for breaking an engineering project down into subproject, tasks, subtasks, work packages, and so on. Feb 12, 2017 a schematic expression of wbs b cost estimation method in project management c cost structure and contingency allowance d project management scheduling e gantt chart, network concept and. How to create a work breakdown structure projectengineer. The goal of wbs in project management is to make a large project. Managers use wbs to break down their projects into easily manageable components. Project managementwork breakdown structure quizlet. All the work contained within the wbs is to be identified. A brief synopsis and work breakdown structures in both word and excel and a pdf appendix of the work breakdown structure wbs example for bicycle, environmental management, government designbidbuild, oilgaspetrochemical, pharmaceutical, process improvement, process plant construction, service industry outsourcing.
Work breakdown structure vs project schedule vs project plan. Project management using work breakdown structure wbs. Company owners and project managers use the work breakdown structure wbs to make complex projects more manageable. Apr 10, 20 a work breakdown structure in project management and systems engineering, is a deliverable oriented decomposition of a project into smaller components. Fill in the fields for the task, and then click save. Its a way to divide and conquer large projects so you can get things done faster and more efficiently. Edit this wbs template online using our tool and easily visualize your project work. If you fail to identify a major part of your project s work. Continue adding tasks until your work breakdown structure is complete. The work breakdown structure wbs is a powerful tool for project management. While these three things often describe the same thing what is to be achieved in the project. Posts about work breakdown structure written by jenn. Nov 26, 2019 a work breakdown structure is your map through more complicated projects. Understanding breakdown structures in project management.
Work breakdown structure wbs in project management an. But it was introduced in 1987 by the project management institute, through the pmbok project management body of knowledge guide, with the aim of applying it to the business world. The work breakdown structure wbs has emerged as a foundational concept and tool in project management. The development of work breakdown structure involves subdividing the major project activities or subactivities into smaller, more manageable activities until the activities are defined in sufficient detail to support the management and development of project works. The graphical nature of the wbs can help a project. This is just a fancy name for creating a list of all of the work or deliverables of the project in finer and finer detail, in a hierarchical fashion. The work breakdown structure wbs has long served as a valuable tool in helping project managers plan deliverables and detail project scope. It is a decomposition of a project into smaller components. But to confront the challenges of working in todays volatile economic environment, project managers are increasingly using. It must exist before the project manager can plan these related and vital aspects of the. The work breakdown structure is based on nasa practices. It is often described as a resultoriented tree that covers all project procedures in an organized way.
Applying the work breakdown structure to the project. For the project management team, a work breakdown structure is a key deliverable. With a work breakdown structure, you can stay focused on what you need to accomplish as you move toward the project deadline. Unfortunately, the business pressures driving projects have often prevented project managers from developing a comprehensive wbs.
The work breakdown structure the project management institute pmi 2001 define the wbs as a hierarchical structure that defines and organises the total project scope based on deliverables, with each descending level in the hierarchy representing an increasingly detailed definition of the project work. What is a work breakdown structure wbs example included. Another common source of confusion for beginners is the difference between the work breakdown structure, project schedule, and project plan. A work breakdown structure element may be a product, data, a service, or any combination. Work breakdown structure in project management youtube. Work breakdown structure templates editable online or. Put the logic model in the context of project management define a work breakdown structure wbs and list the steps to create one explain why the wbs is the foundation of a project use the logic. A work breakdown structure is a key tool for breaks the project into manageable smaller components.260 92 311 874 1186 1303 1208 957 758 1138 1178 12 256 1519 1331 910 311 1225 328 405 51 536 265 412 1377 1122 473 833 358 1325 973 539